Private adoption is generally an adoption that is arranged between the involved parties and involves only an attorney and homestudy agency. Typically, the most significant difference between a private adoption and an agency adoption is the use of an adoption agency to facilitate the match, do the networking and provide pre-placement counseling.
Private adoptions generally require potential adoptive parents to do their own networking for expectant parents as well as arrange the expectant parents pre-placement counseling, if its offered.
Some states do not allow private adoptions and require hopeful adoptive families to use licensed agencies in their state. A thorough research of the laws that govern your state is usually the first step required in deciding in private adoption is right for you.