Adopting from Tajikistan

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Notice: As of July 14, 2014, all individuals and agencies facilitating international adoptions must be in compliance with the Intercountry Universal Accreditation Act.

The information contained on this website is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional legal advice. Always seek the advice of a licensed and qualified professional. While the content of this website is frequently updated, information changes rapidly and therefore, some information may be out of date, and/or contain inaccuracies, omissions or typographical errors.

About Tajikistan

The Tajik people came under Russian rule in the 1860s and 1870s, but Russia's hold on Central Asia weakened following the Revolution of 1917. Bands of indigenous guerrillas (called "basmachi") fiercely contested Bolshevik control of the area, which was not fully reestablished until 1925. Tajikistan was first created as an autonomous republic within Uzbekistan in 1924, but the USSR designated Tajikistan a separate republic in 1929 and transferred to it much of present-day Sughd province. Ethnic Uzbeks form a substantial minority in Tajikistan. Tajikistan became independent in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union, and experienced a civil war between regional factions from 1992 to 1997. Tajikistan endured several domestic security incidents during 2010-12, including armed conflict between government forces and local strongmen in the Rasht Valley and between government forces and criminal groups in Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast. The country remains the poorest in the former Soviet sphere. Tajikistan became a member of the World Trade Organization in March 2013. However, its economy continues to face major challenges, including dependence on remittances from Tajikistanis working in Russia, pervasive corruption, and the major role narcotic trafficking plays in the country's informal economy.

Hague Convention Information

Tajikistan is not party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention). Therefore, when the Hague Adoption Convention entered into force for the United States on April 1, 2008, intercountry adoption processing for Tajikistan did not change.

The Department of State does not maintain detailed files on the adoption process in Tajikistan because adoptions from Tajikistan are rare. Under a May 3, 2006 amendment to Tajikistan's Family Code, intercountry adoption of Tajik orphans is prohibited. While couples which consist of at least one Tajik citizen may still be allowed to adopt, all other adoption by non-Tajik citizens is expressly forbidden by Tajik law.

The Adoption Authority in Tajikistan is the Department of Care and Guardianship, which is under the Tajik Ministry of Education. The district education committee in the child's place of residence and the local Mayor's office also play a part in any type of adoption process. If the adoption/guardianship process is successful, the Tajik Ministry of Education issues the official adoption/guardianship legal documents. For additional information about adoption or applying for guardianship of a Tajik child, please contact the Ministry of Education or the Embassy of the Republic of Tajikistan in the U.S.

Ministry of Education of the Republic of Tajikistan

734024, RT, Dushanbe, 13-", Nosirmuhammad St. Phone .: (992-37) 221-4605 Fax : (992-37) 221-7041. E-mail:

The Embassy of the Republic of Tajikistan

1005 New Hampshire Avenue, N.W., Washington D.C., 20037 Phone: 202-223-6090 Fax: 202-223-6091 Email:, (Consular section)

The Embassy is open from 08.00 am to 05.00 pm, Monday-Friday. The consular section is open from 09.00 am to 12.00 pm, Monday-Friday

Prospective adoptive parents who are well-along in the Tajik process may contact the Consular Section in Dushanbe for information regarding the U.S. immigration process. All applications for immigrant visas, however, are processed by the United States Consulate, Almaty, Kazakhstan.

U.S. Embassy Dushanbe Consular Section

109A Ismoili Somoni Ave. Dushanbe, Tajikistan Phone: 992-37-229-2300 Fax: 992-37-229-2309 E-mail: WEB SITE: U.S. Embassy Dushanbe Consular Section


Intercountry Adoption, Bureau of Consular Affairs. U.S. Department of State Country Information