Bulgarian Adoption Background
The Bulgars, a Central Asian Turkic tribe, merged with the local Slavic inhabitants in the late 7th century to form the first Bulgarian state. In succeeding centuries, Bulgaria struggled with the Byzantine Empire to assert its place in the Balkans, but by the end of the 14th century the country was overrun by the Ottoman Turks. Northern Bulgaria attained autonomy in 1878 and all of Bulgaria became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1908. Having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, Bulgaria fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic in 1946. Communist domination ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multiparty election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime. The country joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007 . Today, Bulgaria is one of the few exotic nations of Europe, due to the fact that it boasts sublime beaches, lovely churches, winter sport opportunities, to name a few . Increasing numbers of western Europeans travel throughout the country and many have bought vacation houses near the Black Sea or in picturesque villages within Bulgaria. During the 2008 global financial crisis, Bulgaria was badly affected by the downturn, where the country entered a recession of 5%, and unemployment lingering near the double digits.
Although it is one of the 75 richest countries in the world, Bulgaria remains one of the poorest member of the European Union. Issues facing the country include a weak judiciary system, a moderate level of corruption in the local government, poor road infrastructure, and a high unemployment rate. Unemployment has consistently lingered near the double digits. Another serious problem is over-development in the country [].
The majority of children available for adoption in [[Bulgaria]] are of Roma ethnicity or Turkish decent. Most of the children available for [[[[[[[[International]] Adoption]]]]|[[[[International]] Adoption|[[international]] adoption]]]] from were relinquished or abandoned at birth and have not been removed from the home due to abuse and neglect. Once relinquished, children are placed in the care of the government. In addition, there are many waiting children who are in need of homes. These children are usually older (7 years or older), part of sibling groups, or have ongoing medical needs. There are both boys and girls available for adoption, although there are more boys than girls in need of families. Children are listed on the registry in Bulgaria for domestic adoption if they are officially relinquished or abandoned by the parents. If no Bulgarian family adopts a child from the domestic registry within six months of listing, the child is entered into the registry for [[international]] adoptions, maintained by the Ministry of Justice. Biological parents may reinstate their custody even after they have officially relinquished or abandoned their child and the child has been entered into the registry for domestic or [[international]] adoptions. However, this happens very rarely and only after careful review by the Bulgarian social services bulgaria.
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