China and the Hague Convention

The Shanghai skyline.

China is party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention). Therefore all adoptions between China and the United States must meet the requirements of the Convention and U.S. law implementing the Convention.

WARNING: China is party to the Hague Adoption Convention. Do not adopt or obtain legal custody of a child in China before a U.S. consular officer issues an "Article 5 Letter." See the "How to Adopt" section for more information.

NOTE: As of January 1, 2009, all adoption cases between the U.S. and China are processed by China as Hague Adoption Convention cases.

NOTE: Special transition provisions apply to adoptions initiated before April 1, 2008.

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