Who Can Adopt from Bosnia and Herzegovina
While Bosnian law does not specifically prohibit foreigners from applying to adopt a Bosnian child, it does stress that there must be overwhelming justification and exceptionally compelling reasons for a foreigner to be permitted to do so. The definition of "overwhelming justification" is judged on a case-by-case basis. The law says specifically that a foreign citizen may be an adoptive parent "if the adoption is in the best interest of the child and if the child cannot be adopted in Bosnia and Herzegovina.”
Age of Adopting Parents
Prospective adoptive parents must be between 25 and 45 years old and must be at least 18 years older than the child. If there are justified reasons, a prospective adoptive parent may be older than 45, but the age difference between the parent and child must not be greater than 45 years.
In addition to married couples, common-law marriage partners who have lived together for at least 5 years or single prospective adoptive parents may adopt; however, the latter cases are the exception. Bosnia and Herzegovina law does not provide for the possibility of adoption by LGBT persons or same sex couples.
This is not specified in the Family Law, however, it is considered by Social Services Centers when they conduct the home study.
- Persons falling into any of the following groups are prohibited from adopting Bosnian children:
- Persons whose parental rights have been taken away;
- Persons with a limited or no ability to work;
- Persons who provide insufficient guarantees that they will raise the child correctly;
- Persons who are mentally ill, or suffering from any illness that could endanger the health and life of the adopted child;
- Relatives of the first bloodline.