Who Can Adopt from Ecuador
Adoption between the United States and Ecuador is governed by the Hague Adoption Convention. Therefore to adopt from Ecuador, you must first be found eligible to adopt by the U.S. Government. The U.S. Government agency responsible for making this determination is the Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Learn more.
Prospective adoptive parent(s) must travel to Ecuador and expect to remain there for three to four weeks to finalize the adoption. Once an adoption decree is issued, only one parent needs to remain in Ecuador with the child, usually for an additional week.
Age of Adopting Parents
If married, both parents must be over 25 years of age and have been married for more than three years. There must be an age difference of at least 14 years between the younger parent and the child and no more than 45 years between either parent and the child.
Both single and married individuals may adopt a child in Ecuador. Married couples must be heterosexual. An unmarried (single, widowed, or divorced) adoptive parent may only adopt a child of the same sex, unless the National Adoption Direction issues a favorable report for adoption of a child of the opposite sex. Priority is given to heterosexual married couples.
The Childhood and Adolescence Court (Juzgado de la Niñez y Adolescencia) or a Notary Public must grant permission for the child to depart the country if only one member of the couple is present in Ecuador to travel with the child. This permission is only valid for one year. Additionally, prospective adoptive parents residing outside Ecuador may not adopt more than two children at a time, except in the case of sibling adoptions.
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