Although Japan offers “regular” and “special” adoptions, and officially there are few restrictions on marital status and travel requirements, individual agency programs may be more restrictive. Special adoptions are the most common for non-relative adoptions by those not of Japanese descent. In 2011, U.S. citizens adopted approximately 27 children from Japan. Children available for adoption include boys and girls, infants and toddlers. These children reside in orphanages.