Judaism is a monotheistic faith that encompeses the religion, culture, goverment, and way of life of the Jewish people. For as well-known as they are, Judaism makes up a small portion of the religious population at about 15 million members, with the majority of them living in Israel, Europe, Canada, and the U.S.
As one of the oldest religions still in existence, it has greatly influenced history and culture in the Western world, has weathered through incredible hardships throughout history (most notably the holocaust), has developed a rich culture, and has spread its adherents around the world to live and work as locals in various countries and nations. The religion today is made up of smaller subdivisions, with Conservative Judaism, Orthodox Judaism, and Reform Judaism as the most commonly known.
Jewish persons commonly believe in only one God who is without physical form, who created the universe, is both merciful and just, and is omnipresent. Judaism almost literally means “living faith,” which means that nearly everything a Jewish person does in his or her life inevitably becomes an act of worship to please God.
As the original of the three Abrahamic faiths (the other two being Christianity and Islam), Judaism traditionally follows much of the instructions God gave to Abraham over 4,000 years ago, and to Moses. The majority of their customs surround the family and the home, especially on the Sabbath, the Jewish holy day that lasts from sunset on Friday until sunset on Saturday every week.
Many Jewish religious traditions, philosophy and rites originate from an incredibly complex historical culture, and from many ancient religious texts, most notably the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) and the Torah.
Judaism does not have an official organization or system dedicated to foster care or adoption; however, there are many individual Jewish run organizations and networks who deal with both foster care and adoption found online and in select locations around the world.