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South Africa
South Africa

South Africa offers two types of adoption by non-citizens. The first is that a child can be adopted by a foreigner only after the potential adoptive parent has been a resident of South Africa for at least five years. This is considered a non-Hague adoption. However, the United States will only classify a non-Hague adoption finalized or official when the adoptive parents live in South Africa, with the child, for two additional years. The other type of adoption is considered a Hague adoption. South Africa will only finalize a Hague adoption if the citizen is from a country with a working agreement. As of today, the United States and South Africa do not have such an agreement. In 2011, three adoptions were finalized.