Domestic Infant Adoptions can be completed through an adoption agency or adoption attorney. Click here to connect with an adoption professional.
International Adoptions must be completed through an adoption agency or adoption attorney. You can learn more about international adoption here.
Foster Care Adoptions in Minnesota can be completed through the Department of Human Services (651-431-2000).
The information contained on this website is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional legal advice. Always seek the advice of a licensed and qualified professional. While the content of this website is frequently updated, information changes rapidly and therefore, some information may be out of date, and/or contain inaccuracies, omissions or typographical errors.
Looking for more resources in your area? Check out the Adoption Directory for a listing of adoption professionals in your state.
Howdy Minnesotaites! Let’s talk about Minnesota adoption. Are you a birth mother who is dealing with an unplanned pregnancy and do not know which option is best for you and your situation? There are choices–abortion means that you terminate your pregnancy before the deadline, which according to Planned Parenthood, “ It can be harder to find a nurse or doctor who will give you an abortion after your 12th week of pregnancy, so it’s best to try to have your abortion as soon as possible. You can get an abortion later than 24 weeks only in rare cases for medical reasons.” If you know that you want to have your baby, you might consider parenting yourself. But, there are challenges with that as well.
Are you a couple, family, or individual who wants a child or to add more children to your family but cannot get pregnant again for one reason or another? Adoption is a daunting task for sure, but this article will help you navigate through the many aspects of it, especially with a Minnesota adoption. First, let’s look at some fun and interesting facts you may not have known about the great state of Minnesota.
According to MNtrips.com, there are facts that even if you live in this awesome state, you may not know.
These fun and interesting facts about the state that’s handling your adoption journey can be a great lead-in to a non-stressful conversation when the time comes for birth and adoptive families to chat or meet in person.
Like many other states, the steps to Minnesota adoption are much the same. But, it is nice to have something to look at that is easily understood when you are contemplating placing your baby for adoption.
There are many, many reasons that birth mothers decide to place their babies for adoption. These can include but are not limited to:
Some criteria you might want to consider as you weigh the pros and cons of adoption are:
You might come up with other areas you want to consider as you are making this loving, selfless decision.
An adoption attorney can be helpful to both sides of the situation as they specifically work with adoptions. They help to make sure that the laws in your state are abided by. Some attorneys do not necessarily specialize in adoption but can help you especially if you are working with budget constraints.
Meeting prospective adoptive parents can be terrifying. Both sets of caseworkers are there when you meet face-to-face; this takes place usually after a phone call between you and the prospective adoptive parents. Communication is the key to get to know each other. Once again, you want to go with your gut as you talk with them. You might find it easier to talk with them if you have some questions ready to ask.
If you are a couple/individual that is looking into adoption, here are some steps that will help you navigate the ins and outs of Minnesota adoption.
If you have other children, you want to make sure they know what adoption means and allow them to share their feelings and ask any questions they might have because this will change their lives too.
For more on Minnesota law visit Minnesota adoption laws.
When it comes time to discuss what adoption plan works best for both parties, it is good to be open and honest about what you want for the baby. Of course, take into consideration how the birth mother feels. If you work together, along with your caseworkers who are at all the meetings, you can come to terms that work for everyone involved.
DISCLAIMER: Although this article was written to aid birth mothers and prospective adoptive parents in Minnesota in their adoption journey, it does not take the place of an adoption agency or an adoption attorney. Please get advice from them when faced with such a decision.
Every adoption agency has different requirements for adoptive parents, so be sure to check with the agency first to know the steps to qualify for adoption. In general, parents can be single, married, or divorced. They can own or rent a home. Applicants don’t need to be rich, but they do need a stable income to support a family. Parents need to be in good physical and mental health. They will need to pass a criminal background check, and the home needs to have enough space for another child. Parents will need professional character references.
Advertising: c Hopeful adoptive parents cannot give money or anything of value in exchange for adoption placement. § 259.21; 259.47; 259.55, Subd. 3; 260.93
Relinquishment: Parents must wait at least 72 hours after birth to execute consent for adoption, but no later than 60 days after a child has been placed in a prospective adoptive home will anyone who is required to give consent execute their consent. Parents have 10 days after written acknowledged consent to revoke for any reason. After the 10 day period, consent can only be revoked in court upon a finding that consent was obtained by fraud. § 259.24, Subd. 2a; Subd.6a
Birth parent expenses: Prospective adoptive parents may pay on behalf of the birth parents any of the following expenses: counseling, medical, and legal fees; adoption related transportation, meals, and lodging; agency expenses upon the request of the birth parent paid directly to the agency; reasonable living expenses due to pregnancy needed to obtain an adequate standard of living. Living expenses can only be paid for up to 6 weeks after birth. § 259.55, Subd. 1
Post-adoption contact agreements: Contact agreements are only legally enforceable when in a written court order. § 259.58
Birth father rights: A father’s adoption registry exists in Minnesota where unmarried fathers may submit their information and gain the right to receive notice of adoption proceedings. § 257.57
Finalization: Out of 614 adoptions completed in 2014, the average time between TPR and adoption finalization was 13.9 months. (acf.hhs.gov)
Many of the children waiting to be adopted in Minnesota have special needs. Federal (Title IV-E) and state (non-IV-E) programs exist to help adoptive parents meet their child’s needs. In Minnesota, the maximum basic monthly amount ranges from $283-790 depending upon your child’s age and how old they were at the time of the adoption. For more information on Minnesota adoption assistance please visit NACAC.org.
It is always possible to adopt a child from another country, even if you live in the United States. Children under 18 adopted from a Hague Convention country entering the U.S. with an IH-3 visa may automatically receive U.S. citizenship.
Children adopted from a non convention country must qualify as orphans before receiving U.S. citizenship. When U.S. citizens finalize an adoption abroad, they must apply to the USCIS for an IR-3 visa for the child. An IR-3 visa classifies the child as an immigrant and provides the child with citizenship upon arrival in the States.
Readoption or validation of a foreign adoption is an option but not a requirement in Minnesota. When birth parents wish to receive a state birth certificate for their adopted child, they must submit documentation from readoption or validation of a foreign adoption decree in a State court. Read more about Minnesota intercounty adoption regulations here.
Gallery of children waiting to be adopted: https://adoption.com/photolisting?page=1&search_type=region&range=UnitedStates
State subsidy contact person:
Heidi Ombisa Skallet
Department of Human Services
PO Box 64944
St. Paul MN 55164-0944
(651) 431-5889 • fax: (651) 431-7491
Adoptions in Minnesota can be completed through the Department of Human Services.
Parents can be single, married, or divorced. You can own or rent a home. Applicants need a stable income. Parents need good physical and mental health. You will need to pass a criminal background check. Homes needs to have enough space. Parents will need professional references.
It is unlawful in Minnesota for anyone besides a licensed adoption agency or an individual approved by the commissioner to place or accept a child for adoption.
The following expenses are permitted: counseling, medical, legal, transportation, agency expenses, and reasonable living expenses.
Contact agreements are only legally enforceable. A paternity registry exists for unmarried fathers. The average time between TPR and adoption finalization was 13.9 months.