Adopting from Estonia

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The official flag.



Aledander Nevsky Cathedral in Tallinn.

The official coat of arms.

Tarvasjogi at Korvemaa Nature Park.


Ruutli Street in Tartu.

Bog landscape in winter, Kakerdaja Bog.

Notice: As of July 14, 2014, all individuals and agencies facilitating international adoptions must be in compliance with the Intercountry Universal Accreditation Act.

The information contained on this website is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional legal advice. Always seek the advice of a licensed and qualified professional. While the content of this website is frequently updated, information changes rapidly and therefore, some information may be out of date, and/or contain inaccuracies, omissions or typographical errors.

About Estonia

After centuries of Danish, Swedish, German, and Russian rule, Estonia attained independence in 1918. Forcibly incorporated into the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US - it regained its freedom in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since the last Russian troops left in 1994, Estonia has been free to promote economic and political ties with the West. It joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004, formally joined the OECD in late 2010, and adopted the euro as its official currency on 1 January 2011.

Hague Convention Information

WARNING: Estonia is party to the Hague Adoption Convention. Do not adopt or obtain legal custody of a child in Estonia before a U.S. consular officer issues an "Article 5 Letter." To learn more please read about Estonia and the Hague Convention.

Who Can Adopt

Adoption between the United States and Estonia is governed by the Hague Adoption Convention. Therefore to adopt from Estonia, you must first be found eligible to adopt by the U.S. Government. To learn more about this process please read Who Can Adopt from Estonia.

Who Can Be Adopted

Because Estonia is party to The Hague Adoption Convention, children from Estonia must meet the requirements of the Convention in order to be eligible for adoption. To learn more please read Who Can Be Adopted from Estonia.

How to Adopt

The Process

Because Estonia is party to the Hague Adoption Convention, adopting from Estonia must follow a specific process designed to meet the Convention’s requirements. A brief summary of the Convention adoption process is given below. You must complete these steps in the following order so that your adoption meets all necessary legal requirements.

  1. Choose an Accredited Adoption Service Provider
  2. Apply to be Found Eligible to Adopt
  3. Be Matched with a Child
  4. Apply for the Child to be Found Eligible for Adoption
  5. Adopt the Child (or Gain Legal Custody) in Estonia
  6. Bring your Child Home

For steps 1-4 of How to Adopt please read How to Adopt from Estonia. For steps 5-6 please read How to Adopt from Estonia Part 2.

Traveling Abroad

Applying for Your U.S. Passport

U.S. citizens are required by law to enter and depart the United States on a valid U.S. passport. To learn more please read about Traveling Abroad in Estonia.

After Adoption

Estonia does not have any post adoption requirements.

What resources are available to assist families after the adoption?

Many adoptive parents find it important to find support after the adoption. Take advantage of all the resources available to your family -- whether it's another adoptive family, a support group, an advocacy organization, or your religious or community services.

Here are some good places to start your support group search:

Adoption Services Support Groups for Adopting Persons

North American Council on Adoptable Children

NOTE: Inclusion of non-U.S. Government links does not imply endorsement of contents.

Contact Information

U.S. Embassy in Estonia

Kentmanni 20 Tallinn, Estonia Tel: 011-372-668-8100 Fax: 011-372-668-8267 Email:

Estonia's Adoption Authority

Ministry of Social Affairs (Sotsiaal Ministeerium) Gonsiori 29, 15027 Tallinn, Estonia Internet: Ministry of Social Affairs

Embassy of Estonia

2131 Massachusetts Ave, N.W. Washington D.C. 20008 Tel: (202) 588-0101 Fax: (202) 588-0108

Consulate General of Estonia

600 Third Avenue, 26th Floor New York, N.Y. 10016-2001 Tel: (212) 883-0636 Fax:(212) 883-0648 Email: Internet: Consulate General of Estonia

Office of Children's Issues

U.S. Department of State CA/OCS/CI SA-17, 9th Floor Washington, DC 20522-1709 Tel: 1-888-407-4747 E-mail: Internet: U.S. Department of State

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)

For questions about intercountry adoption and related immigration procedures, call the USCIS National Benefits Center (NBC) 1-877-3424-8374.


Intercountry Adoption, Bureau of Consular Affairs. U.S. Department of State Country Information