Alexander the Great and Adoption

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Bust of Alexander the Great from the Hellenistic era


356-323 BCE

King of Macedon

Alexander was one of the greatest generals in history. His empire stretched from Greece to Egypt, Asia Minor and as far east as the River Ind in India. He was born the son of Philip II of Macedon, and Princess Olympia, daughter of King Neoptolemus of Epirus. As a youth his teacher was Aristotle, and Alexander's empire is one of the primary reasons why European culture is based largely on Greek civilization. When he was about 25 he was adopted by Ada, widow and sister of Satrap Idrieus (one source says that it was Alexander who adopted Ada, as his mother).

He was also the foster-brother of Clitus Niger (see Roman Empire), according to some sources.


Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia, 1993-97 Bosworth. A.B. Conquest and Empire: The Reign of Alexander the Great. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988) Green, Robert. Alexander the Great. (New York: Franklin Watts, 1996) (First Books: Ancient Biographies Series) Plutarch. "Alexander" [from his Parallel Lives]. Also available at: