With the recent ruling by the Supreme Court regarding marriage of same-sex couples, some would expect that adoption by gay couples would follow. Yet in many states that is not the case. Confusion ensues as gay couples work with agencies to determine how that particular organization will require them to file for adoption: as a married gay couple, or as individuals, or as partners.

Of course, some states have passed laws allowing private adoption institutions to refuse hopeful adoptive parents who do not meet their religious or moral criteria. Often, that includes gay couples – married or not. There is much to be worked out as the country continues to make changes and controversy abounds.